Archaeology South-East


Archaeology South-East


Projects by county - Kent

Horsewash Lane, Rochester
An archaeological evaluation was carried out at the PB site, Horsewash Lane, Rochester between 4th of February and 10th March 2008 on behalf of the client Halcrow Ltd. A total of 10 trenches were excavated across the site, totalling some 110m in length.

The evidence from these trenches suggested the survival of an archaeological sequence dating from the Early Neolithic to the post-medieval period. 

Project Officer: Dave Jamieson
Client: Halcrow Ltd.
Snodland High Street
Between February and July 2008, Archaeology South-East undertook excavations across the site of the remains of the Roman villa at Snodland a listed Scheduled Ancient Monument on the west bank of the River Medway, revealing previously unknown Romano-British deposits, and the partial remains of a building integral to the broader 2nd-4th century villa complex. 

Project Officer: Giles Dawkes
Client: CgMs - Smurfit Kappa
Bradstow School, Dumpton Park Drive, Broadstairs
The excavation of two Bronze Age barrows and an Anglo-Saxon burial. 

Project Officer: Diccon Hart
Client: Wilby & Burnett
Brisley Farm, Ashford
After 6 years of excavation on this 7.5 ha. quarry site, work is now in progress on studying and publishing the results. Finds included an extensive Iron Age settlement, with two Late Iron Age warrior burials at its focus, a Romano-British cremation cemetery and an early Post-Medieval farmstead. 

Project Officer: Jim Stevenson
Client: Ward Homes and Jarvis Homes
Kingsborough Farm, Eastchurch, Isle of Sheppey
Evaluation and excavation of a Neolithic causewayed enclosure and a Late Bronze Age enclosure. 

Project Officer: Simon Stevens
Client: Jones Homes
Highstead Farm Quarry, Chislet, Canterbury
Excavations revealed a possible barrow, a cremation/pyre cemetery, and settlement evidence of the Middle and Late Bronze Age. Fire-cracked flint associated with features beside a channel may represent a "burnt mound". Three prehistoric trackways, including a possible droveway were identified. A field system, probably Roman, was superimposed upon the prehistoric remains. A 13th- to 14th- century farmstead, consisting of a series of enclosures and associated features, was also recorded. 

Project Officer: Greg Priestley-Bell
Client: Bretts
Kingsnorth Power Station, Hoo, Isle of Grain
Excavation prior to the construction of a new power station recovered finds from the Mesolithic onwards. An agricultural landscape was established in the Early Iron Age and included a possible droveway, evidence for salt-works and a possible round-house. There was an apparent hiatus in activity until the Late Iron Age, when there was a settlement shift. During the Romano-British period activity intensified, reaching a peak during the mid 2nd to 3rd centuries when pottery production became prominent. 

Project Officer: Neil Griffin
Client: BWPP
Lydd Quarry, Jurys Gap Road, Lydd
Mapping and excavation of a Romano-British salt-working site. 

Project Officer: Greg Priestly-Bell
Client: Brett Gravels Ltd.
Tonbridge Castle Gatehouse
Intensive interpretative recording of the 13th-century gatehouse at Tonbridge Castle, to inform Tonbridge & Malling Borough Council and their agents as to the significance and original form as a prelude to submitting a lottery application for limited reinstatement and display to the public. 

Project Officer: David Martin
Client: Tonbridge & Malling Borough Council
Westenhanger Castle, Stanford
Intensive interpretative recording of the remains of the 14th-century (and later) fortified manor house known as Westenhanger Castle as a prelude to extensive restoration and consolidation, with further work during conservation work. 

Project Officer: David Martin
Client: Stanford
St. Nicholas School, Fairfield Road, New Romney
Archaeology South-East has been responsible for much of the recent archaeological research undertaken on Romney Marsh. One of our most recent studies here came about during investigations undertaken in advance of redevelopment at St. Nicholas’ School, where a thriving medieval village was swept away in 13th century storms.

Evaluation trial trenching led to an archaeological excavation carried during October 2008. The majority of activity represented at the site was of 13th century medieval occupation including one or more structures. Artefactual evidence suggested that low level industry including iron-smithing, fishing related activities and ship repair were occurring on or near to the site. Towards the end of the 13th century a storm surge destroyed all standing structures and sealed the evidence beneath a layer of sand and debris. After this the site was used predominantly for the dumping of local refuse. By the 15th century, no archaeological activity was recorded. This corresponds to a trend of population decline on Romney Marsh at this time when the area was largely turned over to sheep pasture.  

Project Officer: Katherine Grant
Client: Neilcott Special Works Ltd
Bridge Street, Dover
Evaluation trial trenching led to an archaeological excavation carried out during June and July 2009. The excavations revealed evidence for occupation in the post-medieval period, focused specifically on several houses possibly associated with nearby industrial activity. Deeper excavations on the site revealed a palaeoenvironmental sequence similar to those at nearby sites in the Dour Valley, most notably at Crabble Hill, however, very little evidence for human occupation was recovered. 

Project Officer: Nick Garland
Client: W Morrisons Supermarkets PLC
The Thanet Supply Main, Richborough
From the winter of 2006 to the autumn of 2008 a large programme of archaeological investigation occurred in relation to the installation of a new Thanet Supply Main. The pipeline stretches from the Goshall valley to the Weatherlees Water Treatment Works on the Isle of Thanet. The work took place within a landscape well known for its archaeological importance and would include such areas as the Wantsum Channel, Richborough Island and the Ebbsfleet Peninsula. Archaeological activity dating from the late prehistoric to post-medieval periods was represented at various locations along the pipe-route with late prehistoric and late Roman features being the most significant. The evidence has provided insight into the density of late prehistoric settlement on Richborough Island as well as the nature and probable southern extent of the late Roman settlement surrounding Richborough Castle and the palaeogeography of the area. The results are to be incorporated into a forthcoming English Heritage monograph on the Richborough Environs Project. 

Project Officer: Andrew Margetts
Client: 4Delivery Limited
Grain - Shorne Pipeline, Isle of Grain
Pipeline projects cut a swathe across the countryside, but provide an excellent – if technically demanding – opportunity for archaeological research into the wider landscape.

Desk-based assessment, field-walking, geophysical and window sampling led to the targeted archaeological evaluation and then the excavation of 11 specific areas along the 21km route corridor between the Isle of Grain Terminal site and the Gravesend Thames South AGI. A watching brief was also maintained along the entire pipeline strip and pipe trench excavation. The excavations revealed archaeological evidence from the Mesolithic to post-medieval periods. The majority of the findings were of Middle and Late Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman date, although there was a notable dearth of Middle Iron Age activity across the whole area. There was also artefactual evidence for early medieval activity in the area, and for later medieval and early post-medieval agriculture. 

Project Officer: Giles Dawkes
Client: Isle of Grain to Shorne Gas Transmission Partnership
Pembury Hospital, Tunbridge Wells
Even comparatively modern buildings have important secrets to reveal to the skilled Building Archaeologist. Hospital buildings have a particular interest for the information they can reveal on the way in which our approaches to health care have evolved, and Archaeology South-East were particularly pleased to be invited to undertake the survey of Pembury Hospital in Tunbridge Wells before its demolition.

An extensive historic buildings survey of the structures on the site prior to their proposed demolition. The first buildings on the site originated as the Tonbridge Union Workhouse in 1836 but became Pembury County Hospital in 1938 under the authority of Kent County Council. Work to date has included a record of 53 buildings accessible by the end of 2009 to Levels 1, 2 and 3 standard (as defined by English Heritage) where appropriate. The remaining buildings will be surveyed subsequent to the closure of the hospital in 2011.

The evolution of the site is complex, many of the buildings having been successively modified and/or enlarged in order to adapt to changing needs, social ideals and changing theories relating to issues such as disease control.  

Project Officer: Jane Clubb
Client: Laing O’Rourke Construction South Ltd
Chilston Park Icehouse, Lenham, Kent
An archaeological assessment was carried out on an icehouse set within the northern part of Chilston Park in Kent. Historical research suggested the structure probably dated to the latter half of the 18th century when Thomas Best redesigned the parkscape. An historic landscape survey was also carried out to place the icehouse in its local context, which included a perfectly circular shallow pond. Although the icehouse itself is of a common design, its relatively intact landscape context is rare in Kent.

A number of recommendations were made to assist with the conservation of the structure and to provide interpretation material for the public.  

Project Officer: Richard James
Client: Rail Link Countryside Initiative






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